Brno citizens eat too little of fruit and vegetables, FNUSA-ICRC study found

Press release, 16.1.2017, Brno

A suggestion for the new-years resolution for Brno citizens: to eat more of the fresh fruit and vegetables. Only 57% of adult citizens of Brno eat fresh fruit at least once a day, 48,6% of them eat fresh vegetables at least once a day, and only 8% of them eat cooked vegetables at least once a day. Fruit and vegetables are important to limit the risk of cardiovascular diseases and some kinds of cancer and Vitamin C found in fresh fruit and vegetables has positive influence on the prevention of influenza. Just over 8% of respondents (5% of men and 11 of women) said that they eat fruit and vegetables at least four times a day. The World Health Organisation recommends to eat fruit and vegetables at least five times a days, at least  400 grams per day. 

These data were published by a study of Kardiovize Brno 2030, a research program of the International Clinical Research Center of St. Anne´s University Hospital in Brno (FNUSA-ICRC). Just over 8% of reposndents (5% of men and 11% of women) eat fruit and vegetables at least four times a day. The actual consumption of adult part of Brno population is therefore lower than that recommended by experts.

„The World Health Organisation recommends to eat fruit and vegetables at least five times per day, at least 400 grams per day. The Czech Nutrition Society recommends to eat at least 200 grams of fruit and 400 grams of vegetables per day (including cooked vegetables). Brno citizens should therefore eat much more fruit and vegetables than they do,“ says Dr. Ondrej Sochor, who initiated the survey. „Fruit and vegetables are an important part of nutrition and have inportant preventive properties. Its sufficient consumption is linked to lower risk of cardiovascular diseases and some kinds of cancer. Vitamin C which is found in fresh fruit and vegetables also has a positive effect on the prevention of influenza.“

Is it advisable to eat fruit and vegetables in every meal. Regular meals, 5 to 6 per day, play an important role in a ballanced dietary regime. Mid-morning and afternoon snacks are important to ensure sufficient intake of nutrients, vitamins and energy (a snack should provide approximatelly 5-10% of daily intake of energy).  Mid-morning snack will create good conditions for strong performance and concentration on work or learning. Afternoon snack is a prevention of gluttony in the evening. Its composition should be selected according to one´s activities in the afternoon (especially sports and leisure activities). It should be composed of a portion of proteins (e.g. cheese or yoghurt), polysacharides (e.g. bread), and at least one portion of fruit and vegetables. Snacks are a good opportunity to increase consumtion of fruit and vegetables.

The study of Kardiovize 2030 also found that 23.5% of Brno men and 20.5% of Brno women aged 25-64 smoke and 31-3% of men and 23.2% of women used to smoke. 34% of respondents said that they are exposed to cigarette smoke (passive smoking), most often in the restairants (25.5%). 9% of respondents said they are exposed to passive smoking every day.  

77.5% out of 2,152 respondents (86.9% of non-smoking people and 55.3% of active smokers) said that they would welcome no-smoking restaurants. Nearly 30% of respondents visit restanurants and other places where food is served at least once per week. 79% of respondents from this group would welcome no-smoking restaurants and 9.5% are against no-smoking restaurants.

„Adults are often not aware of risks associated to passive smoking – the effects of the so-called secondhand smoking – and from staying in the premises where somebody was smoking earlier – the so-called thirdhand smoking, the chemicals which stick to the walls of the room and to textiles, and often expose their children to these risks too,“ warns Sochor. He says children in particular are not sufficiently protected from passive smoking in public places and from tobbaco advertising. „Children are influenced in their attitudes to smoking by their parents, their attitude to smoking and tobbaco advertising. Talk to your children about the influence of smoking on their health and life so that they would create the right opinion and would not get influenced by their peers“, Sochor adds.

Contact
Petra Veselá, assistant to the CEO and přes spokesperson of FNUSA, email:  
petra.vesela@fnusa.cz